What is a descriptive research design

Quantitative approaches to research design and data analysis.The SAGE Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods. Michael S.Design can extend experience or add strength to what is already known through previous research.Bethesda, MD: Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, National Institutes of Health, 2010Creswell, John W.The descriptive function of research is heavily dependent on instrumentation for measurement and observation.Any group that is knowingly studied is altered to some degree by the presence of the researcher, therefore, potentially skewing any data collected.Learning Objectives This module is divided into two sections, Descriptive Studies and Experimental Studies By the end of this module, you will be able to: Explain how research is designed to gain new knowledge Describe the role(s) of research support staff in enhancing research integrity.

The essentials of action research design follow a characteristic cycle whereby initially an exploratory stance is adopted, where an understanding of a problem is developed and plans are made for some form of interventionary strategy.


Experimental Design: Procedures for the Behavioral Sciences. 4th edition.


A descriptive study design is one in which your primary goal.

How to Write a Descriptive Research Design

To identify areas for further research. Descriptive studies are helpful in.Wiley International Encyclopedia of Marketing. 2. Descriptive research is a term used to. guide the design of a descriptive study.How to Write a Descriptive Research Paper. There are however, number of details one needs to keep in mind while formulating a descriptive research paper,.Determination about whether a study is feasible in the future.Descriptive research is any type of. it is possible that surveys or naturalistic observation can be designed just to gather descriptive.

What is descriptive research design? - Weknowtheanswer

For accessing information in different file formats, see Download Viewers and Players.A longitudinal study follows the same sample over time and makes repeated observations.

This type of data can be used to assess the prevalence of conditions in a population.The design cannot be used to create conclusions and interpretations that pertain to an entire population because the sampling technique is not randomized.The researcher has a limitless option when it comes to sample size and the sampling schedule.Some research problems cannot be studied using an experiment because of ethical or technical reasons.This type of research design draws a conclusion by comparing subjects against a control group, in cases where the researcher has no control over the experiment.Beginning Qualitative Research: A Philosophic and Practical Guide.Vital information may be missing, making the case hard to interpret.

The exploratory nature of the research inhibits an ability to make definitive conclusions about the findings.Approach provides the highest level of evidence for single studies.Applied Social Research Methods Series, no. 5. 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE, 2003.

Often used in the medical sciences, but also found in the applied social sciences, a cohort study generally refers to a study conducted over a period of time involving members of a population which the subject or representative member comes from, and who are united by some commonality or similarity.Empirical association -- a valid conclusion is based on finding an association between the independent variable and the dependent variable.However, even though two variables might be causally related, it can sometimes be difficult to determine which variable comes first and, therefore, to establish which variable is the actual cause and which is the.This approach uses the tools of argumentation derived from philosophical traditions, concepts, models, and theories to critically explore and challenge, for example, the relevance of logic and evidence in academic debates, to analyze arguments about fundamental issues, or to discuss the root of existing discourse about a research problem.Gardner, and Lynne M. Haeffele. When to Use What Research Design.Refine concepts and theories that are invoked in relatively unreflective modes of thought and discourse.The focus is on gaining insights and familiarity for later investigation or undertaken when research problems are in a preliminary stage of investigation.In social sciences research, obtaining information relevant to the research problem generally entails specifying the type of evidence needed to test a theory, to evaluate a program, or to accurately describe and assess meaning related to an observable phenomenon.A researcher must be proficient in understanding how to apply multiple methods to investigating a research problem as well as be proficient in optimizing how to design a study that coherently melds them together.

The descriptive techniques discussed above permit a statement,.Describe the methods of analysis to be applied to the data in determining whether or not the hypotheses are true or false.Additionally, the research design must make clear the procedures used to ensure the protection of research subjects, whether human or animal, and to maintain the integrity of the information collected in the study.

Original authors bring their own perspectives and biases to the interpretation of past events and these biases are more difficult to ascertain in historical resources.

Types of Research within Qualitative and Quantitative

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Essay on Descriptive Research - 2717 Words

Measurements are taken on each variable over two or more distinct time periods.

DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH - Psychology Dictionary

DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH DESIGN is a scientific method which involves observing and describing. however reliable descriptive research usually cannot answer questions.It is harder to do than conducting conventional research because the researcher takes on responsibilities of advocating for change as well as for researching the topic.

Just as a recipe provides a list of ingredients and the instructions for preparing a dish, the research design provides the components and the plan for successfully carrying out the study.


The length and complexity of describing research designs in your paper can vary considerably, but any well-developed design will achieve the following.Can provide a basis for applying ethical decision-making to practice.In general, there are three primary reasons to conduct descriptive studies.